It’s common in healthcare to talk about a new approach in health systems, more aligned with the general changes that our society experiences, especially with the widespread incidence of new information and communication technologies.
This change is based on what is called the patient empowerment. This concept is associated with the process of training patients and their families, with the idea that they can actively participate in the management of their disease, either in the decision making process.
Traditionally, the patient was passive about his illness. The health professionals (doctors, nurses) were responsible for their healing and results. However, when the patient is activated, this responsibility is shared: the result of the effectiveness of the treatment no longer resides only in the health system, also in the patient. This collaboration between doctors and patients allows the treatment to be personalized, adapted to the conditions of life of each individual and, according to different studies, this activation of the patient has positive effects in its recovery.
Moreover, chronic diseases are the ones that consume the most resources within the health system, so this new model not only influences positively the evolution of the pathology (in many cases they are diseases that depend partly on the care that the patients have, in areas such as exercise, medication or correct intake of medicines), but also contributes to lighten the overall efficiency of the health service.
In this context, new technologies play an important role in facilitating patient information about their health and treatment, communication between the patient and the professionals, and facilitating this new model of more personalized health management.